In Sheba v. Kautz, 2017-Ohio-7699, Ohio’s Seventh District Court of Appeals held that a deed executed in 1848 reserving “all of the minerals and coal” did not reserve oil and gas. In reaching its decision, the Court applied ordinary principles of contract interpretation, and heavily relied upon the Supreme Court of Ohio’s decision in Detlor v. Holland, 57 Ohio St. 492 (1898), to conclude that the parties to the deed did not intend to reserve oil and gas because the deed predated the development of oil and gas in Ohio. The Court specifically noted that there was no indication that oil and gas were being produced in the immediate vicinity or in the general area or elsewhere when the deed was executed.

The Court’s decision can be viewed here.